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CONFLUENCE Where the Minds Meet

The Confluence journal is the official research publication of faculty researches which caters to all research-based scholarly works and articles of the teaching workforce. It contains a variety of themes and topics such as health, education, humanities, business, information technology, and spirituality. The Confluence is now available in the Philippine e-journal website.

SYNERGY “Shaping Young Minds through Proactive Synergy”

The Synergy is the official research journal of student researches. Bearing the above catch phrase, this publication provides an avenue for students to be more critically-perceptive in the pragmatics of life and the environment. It contains themes and topics in health, education, and business.


Relationship between Frequency of Facebook Use and Self-Esteem of Millennials
Adah Anadel A. Balbon; Ma. Gilla C. Buhat; & Zanra Glaze B. Mamugay

Bachelor of Science in Psychology

Adviser: Ms. Jade Dawn Marie Amor, MACP

This study aimed to determine the frequency of Facebook use of the Grade 12 Senior High School students of St. Paul University Dumaguete and their level of self-esteem. Subsequently, it aimed to determine if there is a significant relationship between frequent use of social media, particularly Facebook, and the self-esteem of the Grade 12 Senior High School students by testing for correlations. The research method employed the descriptive correlational method. Using print questionnaire, 225 Grade 12 students were asked questions that determined the frequency of their usage of Facebook and statements that measured their level of self-esteem. The statistical techniques that were used in analyzing and interpreting the data gathered from the Facebook Frequency Scale and Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale includes the frequency counts, weighted mean, and Pearson R. The findings revealed that there is a weak negative correlation between frequency of Facebook use and the self-esteem of the respondents. However, the study was not able to establish a significant relationship between the two variables.

Catch Survey & Geometric-Morphometric Analysis of Portunus pelagicus in sitio Batugan, Brgy. Binohon, Bais City, Negros Oriental
Hannah Mae Mariano; Edgar Torres, Jr.

Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education - Biological Science

Adviser: Mrs. Irish M. Sequihod-Udtohan, MSBio

A comparative study on catch pattern and carapace size and shape of Portunus pelagicus was carried out between populations from the two identified fishing zones: Zone 1“Malingin” and Zone 2 “Kutad” in Sitio Batugan, Brgy. Binohon Bais City. The size of the onset of maturity was accorded to the length of the carapace (CL) as for which 1.8 inches are for females and 1.7 inches are for males. Catch survey monitoring of Portunus pelagicus for 21 days was made to assess its distribution pattern on sex, maturity, and zone preference of the 7 identified crab catchers who specifically use baited bottom trawls among zones. Catches of the 7 identified crab catchers in 21 days encompassing both males and females, mature and immature, were tallied. At 95% level of significance with critical values of 0.0039, assessments yielded significant differences using Chi-square “Goodness of Fit Test” in Zone Preference and “Association of Two Variables” in sex and maturity. A total of 30 male crabs (Zone 1) and 30 male crabs (Zone 2) were analyzed for Geometric-Morphometric. Results of regression in MorphoJ software to detect the allometry yielded no manifestation of allometry as indicated with p-values more than 0.05. Procrustes Distance p-values of >0.05 implies a significant difference in Canonical Variate Analysis but Mahalonobis Distance p-values of

A Proposed Establishment of HTM Laboratory in St. Paul University Dumaguete
Glenda Mae Bomongcag; Lorraine May Elnas; Jenny Mae Lazaro; & Renzee May Tayko

Bachelor of Science in Business Administration

Adviser: Mrs. Araceli Tumacole, CPA

This feasibility study is conceptualized to see if an establishment of an HTM Laboratory in St. Paul University Dumaguete is feasible. The HTM Laboratory will serve as a simulation environment for the Tourism and HRM students and caters to other needs and functions of the university such as the possibility for it to become a venue for different events of the university where the university’s guests could check in. It could also help in the accreditation of the two courses, Hotel and Restaurant Management and Tourism, which will likewise help the university to have a standardized laboratory. The researchers used library research, internet, and study of historical data to arrive at a conclusion that the establishment is feasible. Financial ratios were also used to determine the liquidity and profitability of the feasibility study. After interpreting the data and solving for the ratios, the proposed establishment is found to be feasible. The operations of the establishment will be managed by the university as well as the surplus generated from it. The building will have 3 floors. The rooftop will be utilized as well. In financing the proposed establishment, the university will apply for a loan in the bank. The payback period is more than 5 years but in the long run, the establishment will generate surplus. This feasibility study will surely persuade the school in making the decision of building an HTM Laboratory.

The Lived Experiences of Kindergarten to Grade 3 Teachers using Mother Tongue-Based Language as a Medium of Teaching in Batinguel Elementary School
Angelae Joyce Patrimonio; Jether Rabaral; & Ivy Marie Grifon

Grade 11 Senior High School – STEM Strand

Adviser: Ms. Gerlyn Antonio

This study seeks to know the lived experiences of teachers using MTB language as a medium of teaching, specifically at Batinguel Elementary School. The researchers wanted to extract information about the different challenges that the teachers encountered by using MTB language as a medium of instruction. Advantages and disadvantages regarding the implementation of MTB-MLE are also identified in this study. The different coping techniques and teaching styles were discovered by the researchers as they have gone deeper in their research. The researchers used Colaizzi’s method in data analysis. With this method, it helps the researchers to extract, organize, and analyze the narrative data set they have gathered. They have conducted an interview with the six (6) selected teachers of Batinguel Elementary School and successfully gathered data that supports this study. Teachers were able to convey and address their stand regarding the implementation of MTB-MLE. They were able to share their experiences and the different challenges that they have been through. With a variety of answers from the participants, the researchers were able to sum up and extract the main sense of their statements. The researchers were able to identify the different aspects that the participants considered and their perceptions with regard to the implementation of MTB-MLE.

Fish Species Composition in Selected Informal Vendors at Brgy. Mayabon, Zamboanguita, Negros Oriental and Length-Weight Relationship, Gonad and Parasite Frequency of the Fish with the Highest Volume
Chrissie Kyell M. Trinidad

Bachelor of Science in Secondary Education - Biological Science

Adviser: Mrs. Irish M. Sequihod-Udtohan, MS Bio

This paper aims to identify the fish species composition sold at Barangay Mayabon. Secondly, it aims to determine the length-weight relationship of the fish species identified to have the highest volume that landed on Barangay Mayabon on the Preliminary study. Thirdly, determine and relate the gonad and parasite frequency of the chosen fish species to its length-weight relationship. Lastly, suggest management actions to conserve the fish species. A total of fourteen (14) fish species were recorded on the five informal fish vendor at Barangay Mayabon. The fish species were Epinephelus coioides (Ata-Ata), Thunnus obesus (Balarete), Stolephorus commersonnii (Dilis), Trichiurus lepturus (Diwit), Auxis thazard (Ihalason), Epinephelus epistictus (Kisaw), Sardinella albella (Malalansi), Carangoides fulvoguttatus (Mamsa), Decapterus macrosoma (Pudlos-putig ikog), Decapterus kurroides (Pulag ikog), Mene maculata (Tabas), Decapterus macarellus (Tabilos), and Selar crumenophthalmus (Tamarong). Vendor 1 has the most number of fish species and the highest volume of fish among the five vendors in a week. Selar crumenophthalmus has the highest volume among the fish species that landed in barangay Mayabon during the whole duration of the study. Collected specimens of Selar crumenophthalmus were analyzed and found out to have negative allometric growth where b= 0.5406 is less than 3, which signifies that the body weight is not proportional to its body length. Factors such as gonad, parasite, and food presence were proven to not affect the negative allometric growth of fishes. On the other, the eutrophication of the natural habitat that disturbed the food web and resulted to the unavailability of food and fishing pressure caused the negative allometric growth of Selar crumenophthalmus.


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